Village carpet from peak to decline
Common patterns in Sistan carpet
Gol Farang: The Enchanting Floral Motif of Iranian Carpets
Hand-woven fabric Irani has reserved its place with its first-class texture everywhere in the world; Iranians use many designs and motifs to give these carpets more effect, and the design and motif of the Gol Farang (Farang flower) in Iranian carpets is one of these motifs.
This role seems to have involved the creator’s mind in creating such a design and function; it was a rose and natural flowers. Gol Farang is inspired by authentic Iranian motifs and wildflowers, making woven flowers look lifelike and alive.
Gol Farang motifs are Afshan Gol Farang, Gol Farang bijar, Gol Farang Dastegol, lachak and Toranj Gol Farang and Gol Farang Gol-o Bolbol.
The history of Gol Farang design
There are many differences of opinion about the origin of the design and the role of Gol Farang. Some believe that the natural imagery for this design was formed in the Safavid era and became known among Iranians 150 years ago during the time of Naser al-Din Shah when the texture of hand-woven carpets suddenly grew. Some evidence shows that Gol Farang dates back to the Timurid period. Some people have presented miniatures inspired by the rose, and some believe that there were fabrics at the time of Al-Boye that were designed with this motif, but all this is limited to theory, and the exact date of its origin is unknown. This plan is not available.
Features of Gol Farang design and pattern
Carpets are the first word in the world due to the beauty of their plans and practices, and Gol Farang designs and patterns are among those that have gained many fans. Natural flowers inspire the way of this design, and the viewer is fascinated by the flowers used in the composition of this pattern. This design is so beautiful, natural and artistic that it is as if every carpet flower is arranged naturally and placed on the carpet.
The color combination used in this type of carpet is unique. Bright colors, especially red, make the hand-woven carpet with flower designs and patterns shine like the sun. Rose bushes, which played the most critical role in this design, when placed next to different shapes, led to the creation of this artistic masterpiece.
Gol Farang in different cities
Gol Farang is one of the essential roles among artists in our country because the design and role of Gol Farang can be used in various artistic fields. This design is also trendy in carpet design. After learning about Gol Farang’s design, Isfahan artists in the Pahlavi period welcomed this exciting idea and produced their carpets in this direction.
In East Azerbaijan, carpet weaving is one of the most important occupations of the people of this province. Cities like Ahar, Tabriz, Meshkin, Khoi, Sarab, Haris, etc., are skilled in carpet weaving. Gol Farang motifs are produced by expert artists in this province, among which we can mention Harris’s hand-woven carpets. Haris’s carpet has exceptional patterns produced by skilled artists with high quality and is famous worldwide.